B. Lucini, Department of Sociology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy
Sociological theories have had in the past forty years a core role for the comprehension of disasters and catastrophes regarding collective behaviours, social dynamics and relationships as shown with the first classical studies on social crisis from USA to Europe. First of all a crisis may be defined as a disruption from the normality daily routine and could involve people as individual, part of group, community or institution.
The aim of this paper is enhanced the value of a new mixed sociological theory to understand the importance of these studies within the context of social crisis and sociology. This piece of writing arises from a specific analysis of social relations in our contemporary time of uncertainty during a crisis, whatever may be and in all its developing phases, through sociological theories used as theoretical instruments with a particular consideration to the possible methodological relapses in the human social science. The innovation in this field is represented by the interconnection among different sociological theories used to explain the crisis, its definition, development, management and response. According to the sociological tradition of phenomenological approach and its best known author A. Schutz, we define social relations as social environment relation. It is a useful logical operation to do for the following reasons: the importance assigned to historical and environmental context in which taken place social relation and social crisis and the methodological relapses within direct and indirect observations techniques, correlated with the implement and the social impact of new technologies applied to simulation game and training experiences.
The consideration of re – shaping new theoretical framework has been also considered by symbolic interactionism approach that taken into account the importance of key concept as role, identity, interaction process and communication process during a crisis. The possible methodological relapses in this area could be, thinking to a social crisis especially natural or technological, an increase in value about depth interviews combine with indirect or participative observations as well as focus group. Consider a new theoretical approach by sociological perspectives in social crisis context is a need of our contemporary society and its most strong characteristic of uncertainty to achieve the general aim of dealing with a crisis.